Over time, plaque and bacteria can build up in the mouth, leading to gum disease that can cause tooth and gum damage. Gum disease is one of the most common dental conditions. In its early stages, gum disease is often referred to as gingivitis, which is often characterized by swollen, red, bleeding, or receding gums. If left untreated, a periodontal infection can ultimately destroy the bone surrounding your teeth and may cause you to lose your teeth. Periodontal disease has also been linked to serious health problems, such as heart attack, diabetes, respiratory infections, and stroke. Although it cannot be cured, gum disease can be controlled with dental treatment. The removal of harmful bacteria from the gums can stop the infection from getting worse, and regular check-ups can keep it under control.
Making a healthy change in your diet and quitting the use of tobacco products can have a positive impact in avoiding periodontal disease. If left untreated, periodontal disease can advance and lead to the loss of tissue and bone that support your teeth. Some of the most beneficial steps involve implementing a thorough dental hygiene routine and seeing the dentist for check-ups at least twice per year.